Core Module Information
Module title: Spatial Planning, Topography, Urban and non-urban design

SCQF level: 11:
SCQF credit value: 20.00
ECTS credit value: 10

Module code: TSM11132
Module leader: Martin Robertson
School The Business School
Subject area group: Tourism and Languages


Description of module content:

This module will explore the synergies between spatial planning contexts and how both urban and non-urban settings and environments are governed by similar topographic, situational and physical rules. The module will also explore how the management of crowds is dictated primarily by space and how we ensure that the risk aspect of the spatial context is reduced to a minimum so that crowds can gather dynamically in a safe environment.

The module will cover a comprehensive range of academic, theoretical and current concepts linked to the management of crowded space / crowded place events. The tutor will identify and reflect on case study reviews, identify and access current and emerging effective practice and explore threats to safety, security and services at events. By developing underpinning, knowledge students will identify how they can develop managerial policies & practices which support the delivery of successful events.

By combining theoretical approaches and practical cases - notably from recent incidents or disasters related to crowd management - we will learn to identify factors of influence on the crowd and learn lessons to develop new knowledge about how managers can adjust to the characteristics of the spaces that are used.

Students will also envisage how recent concerns about terror risks in the context of an event question crowd management approaches and practices by increasing control measures rather than using the space appropriately. By analyzing elements created around environmental considerations and space, students will highlight the limits of some current approaches including the strengthening of perimeters and using alternative space which may be more dangerous than the ones already used. To create a fresh approach to securing crowded spaces we need to provide high levels of monitoring and create an efficient use of flow management. Importantly the tutor with support from the students will develop the knowledge about how crowd movement through ingress, circulation and egress can be maintained whilst protective security overlays are deployed. This will incorporate current guidance on a zonal approach to crowd management including ‘Zone Ex’ and grey space.

The tutors will bring this module to life by drawing on significant UK / international experience in the management & command of events and incidents. They will identify how crowd management and public safety plans are supported by physical and personnel security features. Case studies and immersive exercises supported by dissertations, research and reflections will enable the students to consolidate their learning. They will be guided through the life cycle of an event from conceptualisation, planning to quality delivery and review.

Learning Outcomes for module:

LO1. Understand and appraise the theories of space management in the context of crowd management and related policing practices

LO2. Critically analyse the crowd in three dimensions in terms of number, density and individual / collective behaviour

LO3. Critically evaluate case studies of incidents/disasters in recent history related to crowd gatherings

LO4. Appraise contemporary counter terrorism strategies and construct appropriate responses

LO5. Evaluate and justify risk management measures of crowd control responsive to particular space related issues.

Full Details of Teaching and Assessment

Indicative References and Reading List - URL:
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